Get a roundup of the most important and intriguing national stories delivered to your inbox every weekday. Refugee crisis can refer to difficulties and dangerous situations in the reception of large groups of forcibly displaced persons.These could be either internally displaced, refugees, asylum seekers or any other huge groups of migrants.. A crisis could occur within the country, while attempting to leave, or while on the move to a safe country, or even after arrival in a country of asylum. READ MORE: Seeking Asylum: Canada a ‘dreamland’ for Somalis in Minneapolis. Congolese refugees, who were among the most likely to stay put, were 34 percentage points less likely to move than Somalis. In the early 1990s, Somali refugees were sent all over the country. Tahrib, or illegal migration, is a hot topic among the youth from the Horn of Africa nations and some have taken to social media to express their feelings. ... And why do refugees leave their homelands to face the uncertainties of life abroad? In October 2013, the Somali Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs established the Department of Diaspora Affairs. Most rely almost entirely on humanitarian aid: https://t.co/fM1ve7BmS5. All are connected by a thread of violent conflict, the U.N. said. In neighboring Ethiopia, political instability and land scarcity have contributed to a growing number of people leaving the country in the past few years. Currently, there are 5,700 refugees and migrants in detention, of whom 4,100 are assessed to be of concern to UNHCR and may have international protection needs. In 2017, International Organization for Migration estimates that almost 100,000 migrants crossed into Yemen from the Horn of Africa. So they need all the basics to sustain their lives: food, clothing, healthcare, shelter, and household and hygiene items. Somalia, which faced famine in 2010-2011, has endured years of conflict and attacks by Islamic militants of the al Shabab group. The total number of native-born Somalis living outside their country more than doubled between 1990 and 2015. Those from Somalia and Ethiopia left their assigned states in the greatest numbers. With information on so many refugees, the researchers also were able to uncover patterns among people from the same country. Other factors include potential job opportunities in Europe, the attractive image of Western countries and quality of life in Europe, and of course receiving free social welfare grants. Refugees flee their home countries because they fear persecution based on their race, social group, religion, or political views. In 2014, 220,000 people arrived, almost double the combined total of 121,000 from 2011 through 2013. Over the past decade, just over 1 million refugees were resettled, compared to 3.9 million refugees who returned to their country. Horn of Africa hosts ~ 1.7 mln #refugees, mainly in Ethiopia & Kenya. Many some to places such as Canada and the U.S. hoping to escape the violence and famine. It’s estimated that 20 million people in four North African and Middle Eastern countries — Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen — are facing extreme drought, and many of these individuals are becoming refugees, forced from their homelands in search of stable food sources. © 2017 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc. 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