The Channel Tunnel study proposed three possible locations, two south of Calais and one offshore. • Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives Friday, 26 April 2002, and following messages, which, taken together, compile references used to write this article. The earthquake interrupted a synod convened in part to examine the religious writings of John Wycliffe, which became known as the Earthquake Synod. "This is by no means a complete surprise," he said. Reproduction Date: Dover Straits earthquake of 1580 Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the Dover Straits earthquake of 6 April 1580 appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Part of Stratford Castle in Essex collapsed. ", The English public was so eager to read about the quake that a few months later, Abraham Fleming was able to publish a collection of reports of the Easter Earthquake, including those written by Thomas Churchyard, Richard Tarlton (described as the writing clown of Shakespeare's day), Francis Schackleton, Arthur Golding, Thomas Twine, John Philippes, Robert Gittins, and John Grafton, as well as Fleming's own account. A 4.1 magnitude earthquake struck outside Dover, Delaware on Thursday evening. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. The manor house and church at Hollingbourne, Kent were also badly damaged. Set forth in verse and prose, by Thomas Churchyard, gentleman. Before dawn the next morning, between 4 and 5 o'clock, further houses collapsed near Dover due to aftershocks, and a spate of further aftershocks was noticed in east Kent on 1–2 May. Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1. Two later quakes in the Dover Strait, in 1776 and 1950, both thought to be around magnitude 4, were noted in the 1984 compilation by R.M.W. Wikipedia: 1580, Dover Straits Earthquake, Go to: Dover Straits Earthquake, 6th April 1850. 142. Historical earthquakes studies on the earthquake with maps and macroseismic intensities. The seagulls went crazy and in parts of Dover the electricity is off. Seismic events for which there is strong evidence that they have been induced by human activities are in a separate list here. The White Cliffs of Dover are the closes point in England to France, and the Dover Strait is the site of what was once a land bridge connecting to the European mainland. During the deliberations the monastery was shaken by the earthquake, but Courtenay turned it to his advantage saying: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "This earthquake portends the purging of the kingdom from heresies. It was also felt strongly (with damage) in France and the Low Countries. The 1382 Dover Straits earthquake occurred at 15:00 on 21 May. A location in the middle of the Dover Straits, somewhat to the north-east of the similar 1580 Dover Straits earthquake is preferred. Here, residents describe their experiences. dover earthquake uk. 1 photo(s) UK 2 July 1982 21:22 Kevin Murphy; 144. 198 years earlier there was a very similar event, the magnitude 5.8–6.0 1382 Dover Straits earthquake, with an estimated epicentre not far from that estimated for the 1580 event. Earthquakes around the British Isles in the last 50 days. ", The court found ten of Wycliffe's propositions to be heretical and another six erroneous, allowing Lollards to be prosecuted and executed. "It being reported to the King that the Master of Gray his house did shake and rock in the night as with an earthquake, and the King (then 14 years old) interrogated, "The 'London' earthquake of 1580 April 6", in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of earthquakes in the United Kingdom, "London warned: you're overdue for an earthquake", Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives, European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1580_Dover_Straits_earthquake&oldid=982335998, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) (estimate), 2 killed in England, "many" in France and "several" in Flanders, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 14:39. The strongest earthquake officially recorded in the UK was in June 1931 in Dogger Bank in the North Sea with a magnitude of 6.1 on the Richter scale. One was recorded in 1382 and a quake in 1580 killed two people in London. dover earthquake uk. Research suggests that the largest possible earthquake in the UK is around 6.5. Rescuers pull young girl from Izmir rubble, four days since earthquake . It caused considerable damage in Colchester and the surrounding villages in Essex. This earthquake also affected in general: Chichester district, East Hampshire, Havant district, Arun district and the city of Portsmouth. Dover Castle Tunnels Tunnels have been an important part of Dover Castle's defences since Medieval times, although the majority date from the Napoleonic and WW2 eras. Two later quakes in the Dover Strait, in 1776 and 1950, both thought to be around magnitude 4, were noted in the 1984 compilation by R.M.W. Last updated: Fri, 11 Dec 2020 20:40:00 (UTC) This list contains information about background, tectonic earthquake activity in and around the British Isles. The waves were caused by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. [5], In the Low Countries damage was reported from Ypres, Bruges, Liege and Ghent.[3]. [.. continues. ] 2 Way Relay International 20 July 2003 21:20 Michigan Masochists (2) 146. On Wednesday night we were visited by a severe shock of an earthquake. The British Geological Survey (BGS) said it was investigating reports of an earthquake in Bedfordshire, southern England. The Dover Straits has a history of earthquakes, with tremors about every 200 years. In London, half a dozen chimney stacks and a pinnacle on Westminster Abbey came down; two children were killed by stones falling from the roof of Christ's Church Hospital. The geological structure of the eastern part of the English Channel is dominated by the WNW-ESE trending boundary between rocks deformed by the Variscan orogeny and the more stable London-Brabant Massif, known as the Northern Variscan Thrust Front. Earthquakes in the UK are actually more common than you might think. The BBC reports that "Hundreds of houses in Folkestone have been damaged by the earthquake which struck parts of Kent". Many deaths were reported from Saint-Amand-les-Eaux.[4]. [8][9] Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. 2007 gave 6.0 Ms . “Most of the earthquake areas in the UK are a little bit further north, or west, or down in the Dover Strait area.” Related. However, while the UK is nowhere near in the same league as high seismicity areas such as California and Japan, it nevertheless has a moderate rate of seismicity, sufficiently high to pose a potential hazard to sensitive installations such as nuclear power stations, dams and chemical plants. You can find out here with our history of earthquakes in the UK. European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake. On Wednesday night we were visited by a severe shock of an earthquake. Wikipedia: 1580, Dover Straits Earthquake, Go to: Dover Straits Earthquake, 6th April 1850. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Magnitude. However, while the UK is nowhere near in the same league as high seismicity areas such as California and Japan, it nevertheless has a moderate rate of seismicity, sufficiently high to pose a potential hazard to sensitive installations such as dams and chemical plants. The causes of earthquakes in the UK are unclear, but may include "regional compression caused by motion of the Earth’s tectonic plates, and uplift resulting from the melting of the ice sheets that covered many parts of Britain thousands of years ago." In Flanders, chimneys fell and cracks opened in the walls of Ghent and Oudenarde, killing several people. Other earthquakes in the Dover Straits. Navy & 900 extra border staff to protect Dover in No Deal Brexit She added: "Now we are living in [it]. The location of this and two other moderate magnitude historical earthquakes in the Dover Strait suggests that the North Artois shear zone or some of its fault segments may be presently active. Another quake, in 2007, registered a magnitude of 4.3. The 1382 Dover Straits earthquake occurred at 15:00 on 21 May. [1], The epicentral location has also been estimated from the distribution of felt intensities. The belfry of Notre Dame de Lorette and several buildings at Lille collapsed. The British Geological Survey gave the earthquake a reading of 4.3 on the Richter scale, while the USGS and the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre estimated that the earthquake had a body wave magnitude of 4.6 and 4.7 respectively. Near Hythe, Kent, Saltwood Castle—made famous as the site where the plot was hatched in December 1170 to assassinate Thomas Becket — was rendered uninhabitable until it was repaired in the 19th century. This has been used to estimate intensity in the range VII-VIII. The Kent incident is the largest recorded in Britain since an earthquake in Dudley in 2002. The Kent incident is the largest recorded in Britain since an earthquake in Dudley in 2002. Earthquakes of magnitude 5 or higher occur about every eight years, the, (pp. The epicentre was off the coast of Kent, and the effects were felt as far inland as London. Source for much detail in this article. Newly translated and collected by Abraham Fleming. Europe. Listen to the audio pronunciation of 1580 Dover Straits earthquake on pronouncekiwi Britain's biggest earthquake in seven years has hit Kent. “There have been a few historically nearby. CBS2's Lonnie Quinn explains the science behind it. British Geological Survey (BGS) seismologist Roger Musson said the tremor was around 4.3 on the Richter scale, with an epicentre 7.5 miles off the Dover coast. FOLKESTONE (Reuters) - Kent was hit by a small earthquake … Coordinates: 50°54′N 2°00′E  /  50.9°N 2°E  / . … UK 27 September 2009 21:20 Anna Wardley; 144. AN EARTHQUAKE has rattled Dover in Delaware on east coast of the USA with people in Philadelphia, Washington and New York reporting shaking. Lisbon earthquake (1755) The coast of Cornwall was hit by a 3 m (10 ft) high tsunami on 1 November 1755, at around 14:00. Earthquakes of magnitude 4.2 ML occur in mainland UK roughly every 5 … [3], A study undertaken during the design of the Channel Tunnel estimated the magnitude of the 1580 quake at 5.3–5.9 ML and its focal depth at 20–30 km, in the lower crust. 410, Romeo and Juliet: J.B. Lippincott London & Philadelphia, 1871), An earlier destructive quake, of 1382, is also well recorded in southern England and Flanders. He said: “Leighton Buzzard is not an area that has been known for earthquakes in the past. Dr Roger Musson of the British Geological Survey in Edinburgh said that a sub-sea fault under the Straits of Dover that has caused two large earthquakes in the … KAROL STEELE, DOVER. Decoded Science, 2014, by Jennifer Young. [3] Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. 2 Way USA 27 July 2001 21:19 Marcella MacDonald; 146. Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. An earthquake of at least 4.3 magnitude hits parts of Kent, on Saturday 28th April damaging homes and leaving thousands without power. Even though the Dover Strait is some distance from the capital, the city's clay soils have a tendency to amplify any shaking. [4] The Channel Tunnel was therefore designed to withstand those tremors. It had an estimated magnitude of 6.0 Ms and a maximum felt intensity of VII-VIII on the Mercalli intensity scale. The barycentre of the isoseismals with intensities IV to VII lies in the Boulonnais, 10 km east of Desvres, the barycentre of the VII isoseismal lies about 1 km northeast of Ardres, and the barycentre of the only pleistoseismal zone lies in the English Channel.[4]. 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